Parto 4

(Se aperas demandosignoj malsupre tio signifas ke la traduko ne estas (fin)farita en la elektita lingvo. Por vidi la subtekstojn en alia lingvo, uzu la supran falmenuon.)

Lingvo: English (en)

00:00:09:17 00:00:13:29 Esperanto is a language worth learning and anybody can learn it.
00:00:18:07 00:00:23:09 Why did you learn Esperanto?
00:00:24:03 00:00:27:01 Esperanto entered my life by accident.
00:00:27:05 00:00:29:09 At my university I saw a poster.
00:00:29:10 00:00:32:06 I discovered that it was "Esperanto".
00:00:32:13 00:00:34:08 And I said: "Oh, I know about that!".
00:00:34:14 00:00:38:01 All my friends attended the meetings,
00:00:38:07 00:00:40:04 so I thought: "why not?"
00:00:40:09 00:00:44:16 Just when I started university, my town was organizing a Language Festival.
00:00:44:21 00:00:48:15 I had an inferiority complex about foreign languages.
00:00:48:21 00:00:55:15 Out of the blue, one morning, I woke up and thought: "I have to learn Esperanto."
00:00:55:19 00:01:00:05 I heard that people who speak Esperanto get to travel a lot,
00:01:00:05 00:01:01:16 and I too wanted to travel.
00:01:01:17 00:01:06:14 For a long time already I've been dreaming about learning the international language.
00:01:06:19 00:01:10:24 I found out that it was really interesting from a linguistic viewpoint.
00:01:10:27 00:01:15:16 Later I saw that this language is used and people actually speak it.
00:01:15:22 00:01:19:16 There are clubs and organizations that I had never imagined existed.
00:01:20:19 00:01:24:11 She asked me: "Do you know about this language?" And I said: "No".
00:01:24:16 00:01:27:10 Esperanto. I like the idea.
00:01:27:13 00:01:30:05 Somewhere I heard that Esperanto doesn't have any exceptions.
00:01:31:01 00:01:34:10 "Oh! That must be a good language!"
00:01:34:21 00:01:36:23 I thought: "Well! Why not?"
00:01:36:28 00:01:39:09 Why not? So, I started to learn.
00:01:39:12 00:01:44:13 By that evening, I already had a dictionary and I started to learn.
00:01:44:20 00:01:46:09 And I started to like it.
00:01:46:14 00:01:48:14 I love learning anything.
00:01:48:19 00:01:52:15 I'm really interested in the language, in the idea and its neutrality.
00:01:52:20 00:01:56:21 I'm tired of the myth of English as the international language.
00:01:56:25 00:02:02:11 And when I was learning English at school I got really bad marks.
00:02:02:16 00:02:05:02 And I looked at many languages that I might learn to understand,
00:02:05:09 00:02:07:17 but I always failed.
00:02:07:22 00:02:10:28 When I first had the chance I went right away.
00:02:11:01 00:02:13:22 I learned Esperanto mainly because of the ideals associated with it.
00:02:13:26 00:02:18:11 Because with Esperanto, I always felt and continue to feel equality.
00:02:18:17 00:02:25:02 For me I feel it's important to be able to express myself on a level playing field.
00:02:25:07 00:02:31:05 A language that belongs to the whole world.
00:02:31:09 00:02:35:11 At last I came across Esperanto and caught on. I speak it very well now.
00:02:35:16 00:02:38:19 Probably out of curiosity at the beginning.
00:02:39:29 00:02:42:18 Why, to this day I have no idea.
00:02:48:10 00:02:49:15 Hello!
00:02:49:19 00:02:55:14 Now I would like to show you a bit of the grammar of the international language Esperanto.
00:03:00:07 00:03:02:23 Here's the Esperanto alphabet.
00:03:03:08 00:03:09:16 Ever letter always sounds the same, and spelling is perfectly regular.
00:03:10:10 00:03:14:04 All nouns in Esperanto end in "O".
00:03:15:15 00:03:16:14 HOUSE
00:03:16:16 00:03:17:22 BOOK
00:03:17:22 00:03:18:22 LOVE
00:03:18:25 00:03:22:01 To make a plural simple add "J".
00:03:22:15 00:03:23:10 HOUSES
00:03:23:11 00:03:24:28 BOOKS
00:03:24:28 00:03:26:10 LOVES
00:03:27:08 00:03:31:10 All adjectives in Esperanto end in "A".
00:03:32:27 00:03:34:06 BIG
00:03:34:10 00:03:35:02 NEW
00:03:35:03 00:03:36:24 HOT
00:03:36:26 00:03:41:00 Prefixes can be placed in front of words to create new words.
00:03:41:06 00:03:44:13 Esperanto has 10 different prefixes.
00:03:44:16 00:03:47:06 MAL is an example of a prefix.
00:03:47:20 00:03:54:08 Watch! Put MAL in front of a word and the meaning becomes the opposite.
00:03:54:21 00:03:56:00 SMALL
00:03:56:10 00:03:58:04 OLD
00:03:58:18 00:04:01:10 COLD
00:04:01:11 00:04:06:29 There are also many ways to create new words using special endings.
00:04:07:19 00:04:12:01 Esperanto has 31 suffixes.
00:04:12:01 00:04:15:27 which are placed at the end of a word to create new words.
00:04:17:00 00:04:22:20 Example: EG is an augmentative which makes everything bigger and ET is a diminutive which makes everything smaller.
00:04:23:02 00:04:24:13 MANSION
00:04:24:14 00:04:26:03 COTTAGE
00:04:26:20 00:04:29:05 Verbs, of course, are very important.
00:04:29:13 00:04:33:14 But you'll find that they too are very simple in Esperanto.
00:04:33:18 00:04:35:25 Infinitives end in "I".
00:04:36:06 00:04:37:10 TO LOVE
00:04:37:17 00:04:38:18 TO SEE
00:04:38:24 00:04:39:29 TO SPEAK
00:04:40:01 00:04:44:08 Verbs in the present tense always end in "AS",
00:04:44:16 00:04:45:22 I AM
00:04:45:22 00:04:47:15 for the past tense they end in "IS",
00:04:47:20 00:04:49:01 I WAS
00:04:49:07 00:04:51:04 and in the future they end in "OS"
00:04:51:11 00:04:52:20 I WILL BE
00:04:53:22 00:04:56:17 There are no irregular verbs!
00:04:58:10 00:05:01:09 With the "E"- ending you can make adverbs.
00:05:03:09 00:05:05:05 QUICKLY
00:05:05:07 00:05:08:07 He quickly runs
00:05:09:26 00:05:15:12 In Esperanto we indicated the direct object of the sentence by adding "N".
00:05:15:15 00:05:21:21 This allows us to change the word order without changing the meaning.
00:05:21:21 00:05:25:01 THE MAN FOLLOWS A WOMAN.
00:05:28:03 00:05:31:02 A WOMAN FOLLOWS THE MAN.
00:05:31:05 00:05:35:09 Moving the "N" changes the meaning of the sentence.
00:05:36:09 00:05:40:14 Well, now you a bit about how Esperanto works.
00:05:40:27 00:05:44:21 See you soon!
00:05:47:21 00:05:51:00 SOME EXAMPLES IN ESPERANTO
00:05:53:05 00:05:54:23 It's raining.
00:05:55:01 00:05:56:18 It's snowing.
00:05:56:27 00:05:59:06 The sun is shining.
00:06:00:03 00:06:01:10 Damn!
00:06:01:26 00:06:04:12 I am tired.
00:06:05:10 00:06:07:10 I am happy.
00:06:08:02 00:06:10:20 You are beautiful
00:06:11:24 00:06:14:16 Hello!
00:06:14:19 00:06:15:21 Bye
00:06:15:28 00:06:17:25 Thanks
00:06:17:27 00:06:19:28 You're welcome. (not-thank-worthy)
00:06:20:04 00:06:22:00 Bon appétit!
00:06:23:10 00:06:26:23 I love you.
00:06:28:10 00:06:30:26 What time is it?
00:06:32:07 00:06:35:17 My name is...
00:06:37:07 00:06:40:09 What's up?
00:06:40:22 00:06:42:23 How are you?
00:06:46:02 00:06:48:02 Very well!
00:06:50:21 00:06:56:05 Is it easy for you to learn Esperanto?
00:06:56:21 00:07:01:25 The language looked easy at first and so it turned out to be.
00:07:02:09 00:07:04:21 Yes, it was quite easy for me.
00:07:04:25 00:07:07:00 It was a bit difficult for me.
00:07:07:11 00:07:11:13 I managed to learn Esperanto in six weeks.
00:07:11:25 00:07:16:06 and so I wrote a short letter to the Esperanto Association in Oslo.
00:07:16:07 00:07:20:11 I started to express myself well after two months.
00:07:20:12 00:07:22:17 For me, it was after four or five months.
00:07:23:00 00:07:28:08 I already spoke on almost all subjects.
00:07:28:12 00:07:32:06 I think that altogether it took me six weeks to learn it,
00:07:32:10 00:07:36:14 with long pauses between the weeks.
00:07:37:06 00:07:44:04 The grammar is simple, but in any case I had to memorize the vocabulary.
00:07:44:11 00:07:48:05 So this part depends on the time you have.
00:07:48:09 00:07:51:13 It's simple, but it's like other languages,
00:07:51:17 00:07:53:16 you really have to study.
00:07:53:22 00:07:57:06 At the beginning, you really need to make an effort to learn a language.
00:07:57:11 00:08:00:23 So that's why we have to look past the beginning.
00:08:00:27 00:08:03:15 I learned very basic rules.
00:08:03:18 00:08:06:29 And later yes, you learn new words.
00:08:08:00 00:08:13:20 I bought a dictionary and more or less learned independently using the internet.
00:08:13:27 00:08:18:03 Through an internet course I became sufficiently fluent in the language,
00:08:18:10 00:08:22:25 and started to use it in international meetings.
00:08:23:02 00:08:26:20 Asians can also use the language freely,
00:08:26:22 00:08:30:25 while English and French, on the contrary, are very difficult.
00:08:31:00 00:08:34:27 I'm learning a great deal and I only speak a little.
00:08:34:29 00:08:38:01 I always tell my students not to be afraid of using the language.
00:08:38:05 00:08:42:26 Mistakes are part of learning, and those who never make a mistake never learn anything.
00:08:46:03 00:08:49:24 You can learn Esperanto by several methods.
00:08:51:16 00:08:54:10 If there is an Esperanto club in your city,
00:08:54:16 00:08:58:07 you can attend a course organized by them.
00:08:59:12 00:09:04:25 In addition, some good textbooks have been published about Esperanto in various langauges,
00:09:04:25 00:09:08:01 which you can use to learn as a group or individually.
00:09:09:06 00:09:15:22 Those who have good access to the internet can find a lot of material there for learning Esperanto.
00:09:16:10 00:09:22:15 The "Kurso de Esperanto" is a free computer program for self study with various resources,
00:09:22:24 00:09:28:01 with 12 lessons and both pronounciation and listening comprehension exercises.
00:09:28:17 00:09:33:16 You can easily download the program at: www.ikurso.net
00:09:35:13 00:09:41:12 "lernu!" is a very popular internet site for learning Esperanto and getting to know other speakers.
00:09:41:23 00:09:47:25 It offers several courses and learning aids with diverse approaches and at several levels.
00:09:48:13 00:09:56:27 It also has discussion forums, chat rooms, a virtual classroom and much more, all available in many different langauges.
00:09:56:29 00:10:01:18 All of this is completely free of charge. See: www.lernu.net
00:10:07:16 00:10:13:03 IS ESPERANTO USEFUL FOR YOU?
00:10:14:15 00:10:17:11 Yes! Definitely yes. Simply yes.
00:10:17:17 00:10:20:10 For example, now I'm not speaking Portuguese.
00:10:21:06 00:10:25:09 I don't think that you speak Spanish and yet we can talk.
00:10:25:16 00:10:30:05 It works, so this international language isn't some pie in the sky,
00:10:30:09 00:10:34:16 or something that doesn't exist. It's in fact quite real.
00:10:34:22 00:10:40:16 We organize meetings to encourage Esperantists to visit our country.
00:10:40:18 00:10:46:20 I wouldn't want to miss out, now that I know that it exists.
00:10:46:28 00:10:48:11 This world.
00:10:48:12 00:10:51:17 Without Esperanto my life would be
00:10:52:17 00:10:56:21 less fulfilling, a lot worse and a lot more boring.
00:10:56:26 00:11:00:28 It's very interesting to come to an Esperanto event and
00:11:01:02 00:11:05:25 meet strangers as if they were old acquaintances.
00:11:05:27 00:11:08:22 There is something clear among Esperantists.
00:11:08:29 00:11:12:15 Even if you don't know the person, there is something in the eyes which...
00:11:12:19 00:11:13:22 you can't explain it.
00:11:13:28 00:11:17:14 Actually, I have profited a lot from using Esperanto.
00:11:17:25 00:11:26:07 Thanks to Esperanto I have gotten to know people that I would never have been able to meet without Esperanto,
00:11:26:13 00:11:29:08 and that, in fact, influenced my whole life.
00:11:29:13 00:11:32:25 So, actually, some of my oldest friends,
00:11:33:07 00:11:36:17 or the friends that I have known the longest,
00:11:37:24 00:11:39:22 are in the Esperanto world.
00:11:40:05 00:11:41:20 A very worthwhile thing
00:11:41:25 00:11:49:08 It's not only an international language, but an idea of collaboration and good communication and understanding between people.
00:11:49:08 00:11:52:18 Esperanto always accompanies us in our family life.
00:11:53:10 00:11:59:13 Esperanto is our home language because my mother is Polish and my father Danish.
00:11:59:24 00:12:03:23 And they met at an Esperanto convention.
00:12:04:00 00:12:06:21 So Esperanto has been my whole life for me till now, hasn't it?
00:12:06:26 00:12:08:26 Therefore, I'm a result of Esperanto.
00:12:09:00 00:12:16:00 And we only know: "Esperanto works. Yes! Yes!"
00:12:21:21 00:12:25:04 Learning a new language is always a challenge.
00:12:25:11 00:12:27:14 This also goes for Esperanto,
00:12:27:19 00:12:32:28 although it's markedly easier than national or ethnic languages.
00:12:33:23 00:12:38:08 Also for people who have never really managed to learn a foreign language,
00:12:38:14 00:12:40:25 You can learn Esperanto!
00:12:41:03 00:12:44:04 But it requires a lot of learning and practice
00:12:44:06 00:12:48:02 if you want to use the language correctly and fluently.
00:12:49:02 00:12:55:12 Nevertheless if you're willing to make an effort for several months, up to several years, you will succeed,
00:12:55:16 00:13:00:16 and you will enjoy the international language Esperanto in several ways!
00:13:03:06 00:13:05:04 If you decide to learn Esperanto,
00:13:05:10 00:13:08:07 we offer our congratulations and wish you
00:13:08:19 00:13:10:02 all the best in your learning efforts!

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